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Experiences with flooding in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a low-land country. Bay of Bangle is very close to Bangladesh. As a low land country and lacking of modern technology flood is the fate of people! Flooding is an annual event as the rivers burst their banks. Every year millions of people were stuck by flood.

Though we tell that rivers and sea contribute to increase the chances of Bangladesh floods, but this not only the fact, the melt water from the Himalayas, which very close to Bangladesh also contributes to the flooding.

As a journalist or as a citizen of Bangladesh I saw that people are suffering every year by flooding. Not only in the villages but also in town and big cities are affected by floods. Currently in Dhaka where I am living also a flood-prone area. If we get a few drop of rain, we got water-logged, because of unplanned urbanization and lacking of preparedness.

It is estimated that as much as 26,000 square kilometer are being flooded each year, resulting in the death of as many as 5,000 people and the destruction of more than 7 million homes. In 2007 there was huge devastating situation with flood. That year 8 million people were affected by flood. Beside that in 1974, 1977, 1980, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1998 and in 2004 was same condition in Bangladesh. Millions of people suffered with massive floods.

As per the experts the basic causes of flood in Bangladesh are— Climate Change impact, Monsoon Downpour, Synchronization of Flood Peaks, Subsidence and Compaction of Sediments, Local Relative Sea Level Rise, Inadequate Sediment Accumulation, Riverbed Aggradations, Deforestation in the Upstream Region, Damming of Rivers, Soil Erosion due to Tilling, Excessive Development, Greenhouse Effect etc.

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