The group of Like-Minded Developing Countries, a group of developing countries from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean representing half of the world’s population and containing most of the world’s poor, participating in the climate talks that works together to ensure that international cooperation and real action to address climate change take place consistent with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, called for a game-changing outcome in its statements on the formal opening of the 20th meeting of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties and the 10th meeting of the Meeting of the Kyoto Protocol Parties in Lima, Peru.
Minister Paul Oquist, Head of Delegation of Nicaragua in Lima, speaking on behalf of the group said that “Time is running out – the world cannot afford half-measures or half-commitments with respect to climate actions and protecting Mother Earth.”
He stressed that the LMDC wanted to see “a solid and robust international outcome that fully implements the UNFCCC’s provisions, principles, and structure” as this will “enable all countries solve the climate crisis together in a fair manner. Even as developing countries are already doing more and more to address climate change largely with their own resources, developed countries should be leading in cutting their emissions in accordance with the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol rather than backsliding on their commitments …, providing more financial resources, improving access to climate knowledge and technology through effective technology transfer, and helping build skills and capacity, so that developing countries would be able to undertake adaptation, mitigation, and sustainable development and poverty eradication simultaneously, thus benefitting all.”
He called for a process that is “open, transparent, inclusive, Party-driven and built on consensus” and stressed the group’s expectation that direct intergovernmental negotiations will start right away “through focused negotiating groups in order to narrow differences, find convergence, and achieve consensus.”
Mr. Sajjad Ahmad, Head of Delegation of Pakistan in Lima, speaking on behalf of the group at the opening of the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, stressed that “The Convention and its Kyoto Protocol remain at the core of international climate regime and are the essential basis for mitigation ambition.”
He expressed the group’s concern at the slow pace of ratification of the amendment to the Kyoto Protocol putting in place a new set of emission reduction targets for the year 2020 for developed countries, noting that only two developed country Parties have so far ratified the amendment.
He also expressed the group’s concern that the 2020 emission reduction targets that have so far been put forward by developed countries “are not sufficient to achieve an aggregate reduction of greenhouse gas emissions not controlled by the Montreal Protocol by Parties included in Annex I of at least 25 to 40 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020.”
He called for developed countries to “significantly increase their emission reduction targets by 2015, and urge developed countries that are not part of the second commitment period to raise the ambition of their comparable commitments under the Convention within the same timeframe taking into consideration the social and economic consequences of their response measures,” stressing that “not one of the Parties included in Annex I