Civil society groups launched a new online-tool to show exactly how much each country needs to do under the UN in terms of pollution targets and finance transfers to fight climate change.
The tool, uses scientific data on historical emissions per country, plus current wealth and inequality statistics to recommend a ‘fair share’ of climate action to every country.
“As the Filipino people are battered by another typhoon we are here to tell the truth. We will tell the truth about climate impacts on vulnerable and marginalised people and the truth about the scale of action required to confront the climate crisis.” Lidy Nacpil, of Jubilee South APMDD, said at the launch.
“At the beginning of the Lima conference we called on governments to do the maths on climate change. This is that maths. It’s tough to face up to these numbers but it will be much much harder to face the 4 or 5 degrees of warming that current proposals risks.” Asad Rehman, Head of International Climate at Friends of the Earth said.
The launch of the Climate Fairshares tool was accompanied by the delivery of a statement signed by 200 organisations from across the developing world, including networks of 1000s more.
The statement calls for developed countries to live up to their historical responsibilities and immediately cut emissions deeply, in addition to transferring finance and technology to the South as a part of an owed ‘climate debt.’
It also calls for ‘developing countries’ to reject the development model used by the rich industrialised countries and to take on their ‘fairshare’ of the effort to confront the climate crisis.
Pollution cut targets and finance levels for every country are provided by the tool, the following indicate the scale of the challenge facing governments in Lima if they were to meet a scientific limit with a chance of preventing warming breaching the 1.5C limit.
¨The latest IPCC science reports have made even clearer how little additional climate pollution the earth can tolerate before we’re risking irreversible catastrophic climate change.” Said Doctor Sivan Kartha, Senior Scientist at the Stockholm Environment Institute, who assisted preparing the underlying data used by the online tool.
“Based on those limits on climate pollution for the whole world, it becomes strikingly just how quickly emissions need to come down, across the world. It may be hard to do, but it’s dramatically easier than surviving 2,3,4 degrees of warming.” Dr Kartha said.
“The site shows not just what the whole world has to do, but it also helps people answer the fundamental question of the UN climate talks, what should each country do.” Dt. Kartha said.
Some results of the site show the following countries must:
The United States
Cut domestic emissions by 65% on 1990 levels in 2025;
Provide USD 635 billion in finance for mitigation action internationally.
The United Kingdom
Cut domestic emissions by 75% on 1990 levels in 2025;
Provide USD 49 billion in finance for mitigation action internationally.
Limit emissions to just 36% above current levels in 2025 domestically;
Secure international transfers worth USD 6 billion to reduce emissions by 36% on today’s levels.
Limit emissions to just 34% above current levels in 2025 domestically;
Secure international transfers worth USD 4 billion to bring emissions to 31% below today’s levels.
Limit emissions to 37% above current levels in 2025 domestically;
Secure international transfers worth USD 498 billion to bring emissions to 27% below current levels.
“In Lima, governments must adopt a strict emissions budget and then agree to cuts based on science and equity. The idea everyone doing what ever they like will address the climate crisis is fanciful. The European Union and the U.S. have to stop the pretence that their inadequate targets will protect either their citizens or others in the world from threats to our food supplies and our lives and livelihoods. Ignoring the truth is simply a recipe for disaster.” Mr Rehman said.
Negotiations continue in Lima, with proposals relating to the equitable sharing of the emissions budget remaining on the table.